What is web hosting? A step-by-step guide
Web hosting is indeed essential for any website. Nowadays we all are connected to the internet whenever we want to know anything, we just google it or search it using any search engine such as Bing, Yahoo, etc.
The search engine searches that content over the different-different websites. Websites depend on hosting to store that content. It means we can search only that content that is hosted somewhere on the internet.
A user never knows when he searches anything where he is gone. He visits different-different websites to find that actual search content but he never is aware that websites hosting locations and other things.
Till now we have discussed general information for web hosting. Now we will discuss the actual definition of it.
What is web hosting?
Web hosting is an online service that provides online space on a web server for our websites to publish our website and web application on the internet. Publishing a website on the internet means we store our website’s files and other data such as images, videos, databases on a webserver to make it accessible worldwide.
Every website a user ever visits is hosted on a web server. The allocated space on a web server depends on the hosting type. It is something like that we rent some space on a physical server where we can store our website’s files and data and can access this from anywhere.
As we read where we host our website is a web server. So, Web hosting has its’ different-different core components to make it complete.
Core components of web hosting:
- Web Server
- FTP Server
- Mail Server
- FTP Client
- Database server
- Mail Client
- Page Editor
- Web browser
1. Web server:
The web server delivers the data to the client at the client’s request. The request contains web pages, images, videos, etc. It accepts the request over the HTTP.
2. FTP Server:
FTP Server is the way of transferring the file to and from a web server. It helps to upload the web files from our local computer to the web server, and web servers run these files to make them accessible globally.
3. Mail Server:
Mail server deals with all sent and received emails. It has two parts SMTP and POP. SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is useful to send and receive emails between email servers and POP (Post Office Protocol) is useful to receive emails in our mailbox.
4. FTP Client:
FTP Client is software that allows us to see our web files on our local computer. Whatever we have hosted on our web server we can see on our local computer using this.
5. Database Server:
The database server is very important for server-side scripting or server-side programming. To store any data like name, email, phone number, the feedback we need a database server. A database server is needed to access the data dynamically.
6. Mail Client:
The email client is a piece of software that helps to see sent and received emails. Outlook express, web-based emails are an example of it.
7. Page Editor:
The page editor is a simple editor like notepad, Sublime, etc. It helps us to edit the page online over the webserver. It is very useful for every web hosting.
8. Web Browser:
We included this in hosting because we always use a web browser to access the C-Panel that is the admin part of hosting.
Apart from these core components, there are several other components as well as presents in web hosting such as CPanel, File Manager, Domain Name, DNS, etc.
How does web hosting work?
Several web host companies provide their services and technologies on rent to host a website. First, If we want to host our website we need to purchase hosting from a hosting company. They provide their hosting services in different plans. These plans include different services.
After purchasing a hosting we use CPanel to upload our website on web hosting. CPanel is the administrator part of any web hosting where we manage our website. Once we host the hosting company is responsible to make it accessible word wide.
Web hosts protect it from malicious attacks and other things. It is their responsibility to make it 24*7 hours live so users can access it any time. The other core components of hosting help to send the response of client requests on time.
Web hosting has many types we will discuss one by one in detail.
Types of web hosting:
- Shared Hosting
- Reseller Hosting
- WordPress Hosting
- Dedicated Hosting
- VPS Hosting
- Cloud Hosting
1. Shared Hosting:
Shared hosting means many websites are sharing the same physical server and it means all websites are sharing the same RAM and CPU. This hosting is very less cost hosting and traffic of one website can slow down the speed of other websites as well.
It is simple hosting but it is shared by multiple users so you will have less control over the server. It is for a small business website.
2. Reseller Hosting:
Reseller web hosting is a hosting type where firstly, purchase those users who want to resell it further. Menas the hoasting company sell this hosting to resellers and then they sell it to other users. In this hosting, we can sell all other services that are provided by the parent web host.
This hosting is better for those people who want to get into the hosting business. It is also for small businesses.
3. WordPress Hosting:
WordPress web hosting is especially for WordPress websites and blogs. If you have a WordPress website and blog then it is recommended. WordPress hosting is optimized hosting for WordPress websites and blogs.
It is optimized so it gives speed to our website and provides WordPress many features.
4. Dedicated Hosting:
Dedicated hosting is hosting like a dedicated word that gives complete meaning. This means a user has their own physical server to host a website solely. In a dedicated server, we can config the server according to our requirements.
Dedicated hosting gives speed to our website. It helps to load the website faster. And it is expensive hosting. It is for larger businesses.
5. VPS Hosting:
VPS hosting stands for Virtual Private Server hosting. In this hosting, we still share a server with other users but our web host gives a separate partition on the webserver for us. And that’s why we got a dedicated space and other resources.
VPS hosting is good for medium-size businesses. It is more expensive than shared and reseller hosting.
6. Cloud Hosting:
Cloud hosting is the most reliable hosting in the present market. The cloud hosting host provides us a cluster of servers and our files and data get replicated on each server. So, when one cloud server is busy and has any problem our traffic will be routed to another server.
It has no downtime, server failures do not have any effect on our website, and too hard to estimate the cost.
Note: For secure online transactions you can use the best NordVPN. Its price is very low and you can choose your package basis on your requirement.
Eventually, web hosting is a service that we need to publish our website online to make it accessible worldwide. And to have a website is very beneficial for our business so everything is connected to the internet. It plays a very important role in Web development.
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This article originally posted at: https://thecouponkingdom.com/2021/05/08/what-is-web-hosting/